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Algebra & Combinatorics Seminar

Title: Weak faces of highest weight modules and root systems
Speaker: G. Krishna Teja (HRI, Prayagraj)
Date: 10 February 2023
Time: 3 pm
Venue: LH-1, Mathematics Department

The geometry, and the (exposed) faces, of $X$ a “Root polytope” or “Weyl polytope” over a complex simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, have been studied for many decades for various applications, including by Satake, Borel–Tits, Casselman, and Vinberg among others. This talk focuses on two recent combinatorial analogues to these classical faces, in the discrete setting of weight-sets $X$.

Chari et al [Adv. Math. 2009, J. Pure Appl. Algebra 2012] introduced and studied two combinatorial subsets of $X$ a root system or the weight-set wt $V$ of an integrable simple highest weight $\mathfrak{g}$-module $V$, for studying Kirillov–Reshetikhin modules over the specialization at $q=1$ of quantum affine algebras $U_q(\hat{\mathfrak{g}})$ and for constructing Koszul algebras. Later, Khare [J. Algebra 2016] studied these subsets under the names “weak-$\mathbb{A}$-faces” (for subgroups $\mathbb{A}\subseteq (\mathbb{R},+)$) and “$212$-closed subsets”. For two subsets $Y\subseteq X$ in a vector space, $Y$ is said to be $212$-closed in $X$, if $y_1+y_2=x_2+x_2$ for $y_i\in Y$ and $x_i\in X$ implies $x_1,x_2\in Y$.

In finite type, Chari et al classified these discrete faces for $X$ root systems and wt $V$ for all integrable $V$, and Khare for all (non-integrable) simple $V$. In the talk, we extend and completely solve this problem for all highest weight modules $V$ over any Kac–Moody Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. We classify, and show the equality of, the weak faces and $212$-closed subsets in the three prominent settings of $X$: (a) wt $V$ $\forall V$, (b) the hull of wt $V$ $\forall V$, (c) wt $\mathfrak{g}$ (consisting of roots and 0). Moreover, in the case of (a) (resp. of (b)), such subsets are precisely the weights falling on the exposed faces (resp. the exposed faces) of the hulls of wt $V$.

Contact: +91 (80) 2293 2711, +91 (80) 2293 2265 ;     E-mail: chair.math[at]iisc[dot]ac[dot]in
Last updated: 24 Mar 2023