In 1976 Bernstein, Gelfand, and Gelfand introduced Category $\mathcal{O}$ for a semi-simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. This is roughly the smallest sub-category of $\mathfrak{g}$-mod containing the Verma modules and such that the simple modules have projective covers. After work of Beilinsonâ€“Bernstein and Beilinsonâ€“Ginzburgâ€“Soergel it became clear that the the good homological properties of this category were due to the fact that it can be identified with a category of perverse sheaves on the flag variety $G/B$.

In this talk I will show how this story fits into the physics of 3d mirror symmetry. This leads to conjectural 2-categorifications of category $\mathcal{O}$ that can be computed explicitly for $\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{sl}_2$.

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Last updated: 17 May 2024